During the Edo period in Japan (1603-1868), ukiyo-e woodblock prints and paintings were popular forms of art that often depicted beautiful women, known as bijin, and the beauty and lifestyle of the courtesans and geishas of the pleasure quarters in cities such as Edo (now Tokyo) and Kyoto.
One of the most famous ukiyo-e artists of the Edo period was Kitagawa Utamaro, who specialized in portraying beautiful women in his works. His paintings often featured delicate and graceful women with elongated features, including long necks and slender bodies. His works were highly sought after by collectors and helped to establish the ideal of beauty for women during this time period.
Other notable artists who depicted beautiful women in their paintings during the Edo period include Katsushika Hokusai, who is known for his iconic "The Great Wave off Kanagawa" print, and Sharaku, who was renowned for his portraits of geishas and courtesans.
Another artist who is known for his bijin paintings is Keisai Eisen (1790-1848). Eisen was a ukiyo-e artist who specialized in bijin-ga, or pictures of beautiful women. Eisen's bijin paintings were known for their attention to detail and the delicate, refined features of the women he depicted. He often depicted his subjects engaged in everyday activities, such as preparing tea or playing musical instruments, and his works were highly sought after by collectors.
In addition to ukiyo-e woodblock prints, beautiful women were also depicted in other forms of Japanese painting during the Edo period, such as screens, scrolls, and albums. These paintings often depicted women in elegant poses, often wearing beautiful kimonos and hairstyles. These paintings were highly prized and were often given as gifts or used to decorate the homes of the wealthy.
Overall, the depiction of beautiful women in Japanese painting during the Edo period played a significant role in shaping the ideal of beauty for women during this time period, and these paintings continue to be highly prized and admired today.